Urgent awake thoracoscopic treatment of retained haemothorax associated with respiratory failure

Eugenio Pompeo, Benedetto Cristino, Paola Rogliani, Mario Dauri, for the Awake Thoracic Surgery Research Group (ATSRG)


A number of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) procedures are being increasingly performed by awake anesthesia in an attempt of minimizing the surgical- and anesthesia-related traumas. However, so far the usefulness of awake VATS for urgent management of retained haemothorax has been scarcely investigated. Herein we present two patients with retained haemothorax following previous thoracentesis and blunt chest trauma, respectively, who developed acute respiratory failure and underwent successful urgent awake VATS management under local anesthesia through a single trocar access.