Article Abstract

Cementless tapered wedge stems in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with Dorr C bone—are complication risks increased?

Authors: Jonathon Lindner, Jonathan Napier, Anthony Feher, Heather S. Haeberle, Linsen T. Samuel, Michael A. Mont, Ronald Delanois, Arthur L. Malkani

Abstract

Background: The use of cementless femoral stems in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) with Dorr C bone remains controversial for fear of fracture or subsidence. Purpose of this multicenter study was to compare clinical outcomes and complications of THA using a tapered femoral prosthesis in patients with Dorr C bone versus Dorr A/B bone.
Methods: A total of 1,030 patients underwent primary THA with a tapered wedge femoral stem at a minimum one year follow up. Forty-eight patients with Dorr C bone (mean age 68.7 years) were compared with a matched cohort of patients with Dorr A/B bone (mean age 69.9 years). Mean follow-up was approximately 4 years in both cohorts. There were no differences in sex, age, body mass index (BMI), Harris Hip Score (HHS), complications, and radiographic outcomes including subsidence and aseptic loosening were evaluated.
Results: Postoperative HHS scores were a mean of 82 points in the Dorr C cohort compared to 84 points in the Door A/B cohort (P=0.2653). There was no significant difference in complication or revision rates for any reason (P=0.23). Mean subsidence for the Dorr C and Dorr A/B was 1.4 and 1.2 mm, respectively (P=0.5164), and there was no aseptic loosening of the femoral component found in either group.
Conclusions: Current generation tapered wedge cementless femoral stems provide stable fixation for patients with Dorr C bone quality without increased complications with respect to fracture or subsidence and can be considered an alternative to cemented stems in patients with compromised bone quality.

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