Research progress on KIF3B and related diseases
Kinesins constitute a protein superfamily that belongs to the motor protein group. Kinesins move along microtubules to exert their various functions, which include intracellular transportation, mitosis, and cell formation. Kinesins are responsible for the transport of various membrane organelles, protein complexes, mRNA and other material, as well as the regulation of intracellular molecular signal pathways. Cumulative studies have also indicated that kinesins are related to the development of a variety of human diseases. At present, there are 14 subfamilies of the kinesin superfamily (KIFs), comprising 45 members. KIF3 is the most common expression in KIFs. KIF3 is a complex composed of a KIF3A/3B heterodimer and a kinesin-related protein, known as KAP3. These complexes are organelles and protein complexes involved in membrane binding in various tissues and transport within cells (nerve cells, melanocytes, epithelial cells, etc.). As a member of the KIF3 subfamily, KIF3B is an essential protein that can regulate cell migration, and proliferation and has critical biological functions. During mitosis, KIF3B is responsible for vesicle transport and membrane expansion, thus regulating cell migration. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the relationship between KIF3B and the occurrence and development of diseases. This article reviews the recent advances in the study of KIF3B and its related diseases.