Article Abstract

Exploring the intraoperative lung protective ventilation of different positive end-expiratory pressure levels during abdominal laparoscopic surgery with Trendelenburg position

Authors: Yun Wang, Hong Wang, Huijuan Wang, Xiao Zhao, Shitong Li, Lianhua Chen

Abstract

Background: The intraoperative lung protective effect of mechanical ventilation of different positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels on patients undergoing abdominal laparoscopic surgery with the steep Trendelenburg position remains undefined. The purpose of the study was to explore the optimal PEEP.
Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for abdominal laparoscopic surgery were randomized to four groups including: PEEP 0, 4, 8 and 12 cmH2O. The pulmonary dynamic compliance (Cdyn), dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT), and intrapulmonary shunt ratio (QS/QT) were measured after anesthesia induction (T0), 5 min after pneumoperitoneum (PNP) with position change (T1), 30 (T2) and 60 min (T3) after PEEP, and end of surgery (T4).
Results: Cdyn increased when different levels of PEEP (including the 4, 8, and 12 cmH2O) were used vs. no PEEP (P<0.05). The VD/VT in PEEP 8 and 12 cmH2O were significantly improved than no PEEP (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the QS/QT in PEEP 12 cmH2O was higher than others during the procedures.
Conclusions: A moderate PEEP level (8 cmH2O) with low tidal volume was sufficient to improve Cdyn and to decrease VD/VT without increasing QS/QT, which was suggested to be a good choice of intraoperative lung protective ventilation during abdominal laparoscopic surgery with Trendelenburg position.

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