The application of single-cell sequencing technology in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

Kai Kang, Xuezhu Wang, Chan Meng, Li He, Xinting Sang, Yongchang Zheng, Haifeng Xu


Single-cell sequencing technology refers to the sequencing of the genome, transcriptome and epigenome in one single cell. Comparing to traditional histology, single-cell sequencing can reveal the genetic heterogeneity among different cells. Due to the complex pathogenesis and various pathological types of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), studies on the heterogeneity of tumor cells confer improvement for its clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. This article summarizes the principal basis and development of single-cell sequencing technology, as well as its increasing application in the field of HCC.