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Xuezhitong capsule, an extract of Allium macrostemon Bunge, exhibits reverse cholesterol transport and accompanies high-density lipoprotein levels to protect against hyperlipidemia in ApoE−/− mice

  
@article{ATM25968,
	author = {Xiang-Bao Meng and Ting Zhu and De-Hui Yang and Wei Liang and Gui-Bo Sun and Xiao-Bo Sun},
	title = {Xuezhitong capsule, an extract of  Allium macrostemon Bunge , exhibits reverse cholesterol transport and accompanies high-density lipoprotein levels to protect against hyperlipidemia in ApoE −/−  mice},
	journal = {Annals of Translational Medicine},
	volume = {7},
	number = {11},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Background: Xuezhitong capsules (XZT) are derived from Xie Bai and used for abnormal lipid homeostasis treatment through maintained metabolic balance. However, their mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we mainly assessed the contribution of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and the accompanying increase in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) effects of XZT to cholesterol dysfunction amelioration in mice. 
Methods: We assessed serum lipids by using enzymatic kits. We observed atherosclerotic plaque formation by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Oil Red O staining. We studied the lipid metabolism, fatty acid synthase (FAS), HDL, low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), triglyceride (TG) metabolic enzyme expression levels, and RCT function in various tissues upon stimulation with high-fat diet, XZT, and some positive drugs by ELISA. 
Results: After 34 weeks of high-fat diet administration, blood lipids levels increased because attenuated by XZT treatment (800 and 1,600 mg/kg, i.g.). XZT improved the lipid metabolism instability, induced RCT activation, and subsequently increased the HDL levels in hyperlipidemic mice (P},
	issn = {2305-5847},	url = {http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/25968}
}