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In-hospital outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease in cannabis users: a nationwide propensity-matched analysis in the United States

  
@article{ATM25637,
	author = {Rupak Desai and Upenkumar Patel and Hemant Goyal and Afrina Hossain Rimu and Dipen Zalavadia and Pardeep Bansal and Nihar Shah},
	title = {In-hospital outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease in cannabis users: a nationwide propensity-matched analysis in the United States},
	journal = {Annals of Translational Medicine},
	volume = {7},
	number = {12},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Background: Literature suggests the role of cannabis (marijuana) as an anti-inflammatory agent. However, the impact of recreational marijuana usage on in-hospital outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains indistinct. We assessed the outcomes of Crohn’s disease (CD) as well as ulcerative colitis (UC) with vs. without recreational marijuana usage using a nationally illustrative propensity-matched sample. 
Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample datasets (2010–2014) were queried to identify adults with CD and UC hospitalizations with cannabis use and linked complications using ICD-9 CM codes. Categorical and continuous variables were compared between propensity-matched cohorts using Chi-square and Student’s t-test, respectively. Primary endpoints were in-hospital complications, whereas secondary endpoints were the discharge disposition, mean length of stay (LOS) and hospital charges.
Results: Propensity-matched cohorts included 6,002 CD (2,999 cannabis users & 3,003 non-users) and 1,481 UC (742 cannabis users & 739 non-users) hospitalizations. In CD patients, prevalence of colorectal cancer (0.3% vs. 1.2%, P},
	issn = {2305-5847},	url = {http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/25637}
}