Article Abstract

Renin-angiotensin inhibitors were associated with improving outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma with primary hypertension after hepatectomy

Authors: Long-Hai Feng, Hui-Chuan Sun, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Shi-Zhe Zhang, Kang-Shuai Li, Xiao-Long Li, Yan Li, Zhao-You Tang

Abstract

Background: The activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) promotes tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to assess whether RAS inhibitors (RASIs) could improve the outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with primary hypertension after curative liver resection.
Methods: Data on 387 consecutive patients with primary hypertension who underwent curative liver resection for HCC were reviewed. The study population was divided into two groups based on the type of anti-hypertensive medications: the RASI group (patients using RASIs) and the non-RASI group (patients using other anti-hypertensive drugs but not RASIs). Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank tests and cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS).
Results: There were 144 (37.2%) patients in RASI group and 243 (62.8%) in non-RASI group. The preoperative clinicopathological features were comparable between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated HCC patients with RASIs had a longer TTR and OS than the patients with non-RASIs (both P<0.001). On multivariate analysis, RASIs administration was identified as an independent prognostic factor for TTR [hazard ratio (HR) =0.52, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.38–0.70, P<0.001] and OS (HR =0.50, 95% CI, 0.34–0.74, P<0.001). Patients in the RASI group had lower rates of extrahepatic metastases than patients in the non-RASI group (2.8% vs. 7.8%, P<0.042).
Conclusions: Targeting the RAS was associated with a reduced risk of recurrence, decreased rate of extrahepatic metastases and prolonged survival of HCC patients with primary hypertension after curative liver resection.