Do lncRNAs and circRNAs expression profiles influence discoid lupus erythematosus progression?—a comprehensive analysis

Jing Xuan, Yaoyang Xiong, Linjun Shi, Beatrice Aramini, Haiyan Wang

Abstract

Background: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs)are involved in the progression of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), but an understanding of their underlying mechanisms remains elusive. To explore the expression profiles of lncRNAs and circRNAs in DLE, we surveyed the lncRNA/circRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the epithelia of oral DLE and adjacent normal tissues.
Methods: The lesional and non-lesional lower lips of three DLE patients were analysed by RNA- sequencing (RNA-seq). The principal functions of the significantly deregulated genes were identified using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. And the correlated expression networks (coding-noncoding co-expression and lncRNAs- transcription factor-mRNA) were evaluated as well.
Results: Hundreds of significantly changed lncRNAs and mRNAs and dozens of significantly changed circRNAs were identified. lncRNA lnc-MIPOL1-6 and IncRNA IncDDX47-3 expressions were correlated with immune response-related genes, including IL19, CXCL1, CXCL11, and TNFSF15. Up-regulated IncRNA-TF network consists of 8 TFs and 74 related lncRNAs. The lncRNA-TF-gene trans-regulation consisting of 204 lncRNAs,39 TFs, and correlated 3 genes.
Conclusions: These results demonstrate that lncRNAs and circRNAs can influence the progression of DLE. Certain mRNAs/lncRNAs/circRNAs may have substantial value in DLE diagnosis and therapy.