Fine mapping of thyroglobulin gene identifies two independent risk loci for Graves’ disease in Chinese Han population

Miao Xuan, Shuang-Xia Zhao, Chen-Yan Yan, Jun Yang, Ying Li, Li-Ge Song, Huai-Dong Song, Xiu-Zhen Zhang


Background: This study aimed to determine independent risk loci of Graves’ disease (GD) in the thyroglobulin (TG) region.
Methods: In this two-staged association study, a total of 9,757 patients with GD and 10,626 sex-matched controls were recruited from Chinese Han population. Illumina Human660-Quad BeadChips in the discovery stage and TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assays in the replication stage were used for genotyping. Trend test and logistic regression analysis were performed in this association study.
Results: In the discovery stage, rs2294025 and rs7005834 were the most highly associated susceptibility loci with GD in TG. In the replication phase, 7 SNPs, including rs2294025 and rs7005834, were selected for fine-mapping. Finally, we confirmed that rs2294025 and rs7005834 were the independent risk loci of GD in the combined populations. At the same time, there was no significant difference between the risk allele frequencies of rs2294025 and rs7005834 in different clinical phenotypes of GD.
Conclusions: The fine mapping study of thyroglobulin identified two independent SNPs (rs2294025 and rs7005834) for GD susceptibility. However, no significant differences for rs2294025 and rs7005834 were observed, between the different clinical phenotypes of GD, including gender, Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO), and serum levels of thyrotropin receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody, and thyroglobulin antibody. These results provide a deeper understanding of the association mechanism of thyroglobulin and GD risk.