JS001, an anti-PD-1 mAb for advanced triple negative breast cancer patients after multi-line systemic therapy in a phase I trial

Li Bian, Huiqiang Zhang, Tao Wang, Shaohua Zhang, Haifeng Song, Mingli Xu, Sheng Yao, Zefei Jiang


Background: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), as defined by ER, PR and HER2 negative expression in tumor, has limited treatment options beyond conventional chemotherapy. JS001, a humanized IgG4 antibody for PD-1, has demonstrated acceptable safety profile and preliminary anti-tumor activity in solid tumors.
Methods: This phase I open-label study is designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and antitumor activity of JS001 in advanced TNBC patients who are refractory to standard systemic therapy. The study has a 3+3 dose escalation design with planned cohorts at 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg Q2W followed by a dose expansion cohort at 3 mg/kg. (Clinical Trial ID: NCT02838823).
Results: From August 04, 2016 to October 26, 2017, 20 heavily-pretreated advanced TNBC patients were enrolled into three dose cohorts (6 in 1 mg/kg, 8 in 3 mg/kg and 6 in 10 mg/kg). As of August 30, 2018, no DLT was observed and no MTD was reached. No AEs were grade 4 or 5. The most common treatment related AEs were all grade 1/2. Treatment related grade 3 AEs (15%) included 1 hyponatremia, 1 rash and 1 bronchospasm (infusion related reaction). Among 20 evaluable subjects, the ORR was 5%. One patient in 10 mg/kg group obtained PR, who was PD-L1 strong positive (>50%) in tumor biopsy, with treatment duration of 12.8 months as of data cutoff. As of follow-up on July 15, 2019, the patient continued PR with treatment duration of 24 months and still ongoing. Six patients achieved SD, for a DCR of 35%. The median PFS of all subjects was 1.8 months (95% CI, 1.4 to 4.6). 45% subjects are PD-L1 positive (≥1% cutoff), among whom a 11.1% ORR and a 22.2% DCR were observed.
Conclusions: JS001 exhibited a favorable safety profile in advanced TNBC patients who are refractory to multi-line systemic therapy. JS001 also showed a moderate response in these TNBC patients who had limited treatment options.