Performance of modified carbapenem inactivation method and inhibitor-based combined disk test in the detection and distinguishing of carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae

Juan Li, Congrong Li, Xuan Cai, Jinling Shi, Lina Feng, Kewen Tang, Yongqing Tong, Yan Li

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the performance of modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) combined EDTA-carbapenem inactivation method (eCIM), and inhibitor-based combined disk test (CDT) in the detection and distinguishing of carbapenemase production in Enterobacteriaceae.
Methods: A total of 101 nonrepetitive carbapenem insensitive Enterobacteriaceae [minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥2 µg/mL] were tested by mCIM, eCIM and CDT respectively, and the major carbapenemase genes including blaKPC, blaNDM, blaIMP, blaVIM and blaOXA-48-like genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as control.
Results: Seventy-nine (78.2%) of isolates were found to harbour one or more carbapenemase genes by PCR, with blaKPC and blaNDM being the most common genes. OXA-48-like genes were undetectable. The coincidence rate of mCIM combined eCIM and CDT was 97.5% (77/79) and 96.2% (76/79) respectively, compared with gene detection. Both assays had a misclassification in two blaKPC+NDM-producing isolates of Klebsiella oxytoca. The sensitivity and specificity of two assays above were 100.0% vs. 95.0% and 98.4% vs. 98.4%, respectively in distinguishing serine-carbapenemase, while they were 95.1% vs. 97.6% and 100% vs. 100.0%, respectively in distinguishing metallo-carbapenemase.
Conclusions: mCIM combined eCIM and the CDT are both useful tools for the reliable detection and distinguishing single serine-carbapenemase or metallo-carbapenemase, but not for mixed types.