Article Abstract

The effect of red blood cell transfusion on plasma hepcidin and growth differentiation factor 15 in gastric cancer patients: a prospective study

Authors: Jingfu Liu, Shan Chen, Xianren Ye

Abstract

Background: Hepcidin and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) have been reported to be highly expressed in various cancers. Serum hepcidin and GDF-15 levels were demonstrated to be potential prognostic markers in cancers. This study aims to evaluate the effect of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on plasma hepcidin and GDF-15 in gastric cancer patients.
Methods: In this prospective study, 40 patients with gastric cancer were eligible for this study. Peripheral blood samples were obtained before and within 24 h after RBC transfusion. A routine blood test was performed before transfusion and within 24 h post-transfusion. Plasma hepcidin, GDF-15, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and erythropoietin were determined by ELISA.
Results: In patients with metastasis, plasma hepcidin (P=0.02), and GDF-15 (P=0.01) levels were higher than without metastasis. Plasma hepcidin was increased after RBC transfusion (P=0.001), while plasma erythropoietin was decreased after transfusion (P=0.03). However, RBC transfusion did not affect plasma GDF-15 (P=0.32) and IL-6 (P=0.12). The effect of RBC transfusion on variables did not differ between metastatic and non-metastatic patients. The mean percentage change of hepcidin in transfusion volume 4 unit (U) was more than 2 U.
Conclusions: RBC transfusion could increase plasma hepcidin and have no effect on plasma GDF-15 in gastric patients.