Catalpol may improve axonal growth via regulating miR-124 regulated PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in neurons after ischemia

Huifeng Zhu, Jinghuan Wang, Yali Shao, Dong Wan


Background: MicroRNA-124 (miR-124) is a brain-specific miRNA molecule, the highest expression in the cortex and is associated with neuronal protection after stroke. This study aimed to investigate whether catalpol could affect miR-124 to regulate PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, promoting axonal growth in stroke rats.
Methods: Cells were divided into three groups: control group, miRNA124 agomir group, and miRNA124 antagomir group. To explore the mechanism, cells were divided into seven groups: control group, OGD group (OGD/R), miRNA124 agomir group, miRNA124 agomir plus catalpol group, miRNA124 antagomir group, miRNA124 antagomir plus catalpol group, and catalpol group. Before OGD/R, miRNA124 antagomir and microRNA124 agomir were transfected into neurons for 6 h by using ribo FECT nd Consumablesn/reper transfection kit. Cell survival and cell death were detected by MTT and LDH assay. Axonal growth was assessed by MAP-2 immunofluorescence staining. Western blotting and qPCR were used to detect the expression of molecules in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.
Results: Inhibition of miR-124 activated PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and promoted neuronal survival and axonal growth. The expression of miR-124 increased after OGD/R, and catalpol could inhibit miR-124 to activate PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway to further promote axonal growth.
Conclusions: It is concluded that catalpol may inhibit miR-124 to activate PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, promoting axonal growth.