Article Abstract

Differential expression of genes associated with hypoxia pathway on bone marrow stem cells in osteoporosis patients with different bone mass index

Authors: Qi Zhu, Chang Shan, Ling Li, Lige Song, Keqin Zhang, Yun Zhou

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to assess gene expression changes associated with hypoxia pathway on bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) and explore effects of bone mass index (BMI) on hypoxia pathway of osteoporosis (OP) patients.
Methods: Human BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow. Subjects were divided into healthy control group and OP group which was further divided into BMI <25 OP subgroup and BMI ≥25 OP subgroup.
Results: The genes downregulated in OP patients were involved in hypoxia pathway. Furthermore, those genes were even downregulated in OP patients BMI ≥25 subgroup than OP patients BMI <25 subgroup. The genes were expressed in response to decreased oxygen levels, and their functions are related to photoperiodism, positive regulation of myoblast differentiation, and entrainment of circadian clock by gene ontology (GO) analysis.
Conclusions: The expression of genes associated with hypoxia pathway on BMSCs in OP patients are lower than healthy subjects, and the expression of genes related to carbohydrate metabolism are lower in overweight OP patients than in normal weight OP patients. These results need further research.