Comparing the efficacy of bag-valve mask, endotracheal intubation, and laryngeal mask airway for subjects with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an indirect meta-analysis

Zhanzheng Yang, Hengrui Liang, Jiaying Li, Shuxian Qiu, Zhuosen He, Jinyin Li, Zanfeng Cao, Ping Yan, Qing Liang, Liangbo Zeng, Rong Liu, Zijing Liang


Background: For subjects with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), bag-valve mask (BVM), endotracheal intubation (ETI), and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) are the most common methods of ventilatory support; however, the best choice remains controversial.
Methods: A comprehensive search of online databases was performed. A traditional meta-analysis was performed to determine the risk ratio of BVM vs. LMA and ETI vs. LMA. Indirect treatment comparisons (ITCs) were conducted to compare BVM and ETI.
Results: A total of 13 full-text articles reporting the efficacy of BVM, ETI, and LMA were considered in this analysis. BVM and LMA had the same effect regarding return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (23% vs. 24%; RR =0.84), survival rate at admission (19% vs. 21%; RR =0.82) or discharge (6% vs. 4%; RR =0.61). ETI was superior to LMA in terms of ROSC (48% vs. 23%; RR =0.72) and survival rate at both admission (27% vs. 19%; RR =0.85) and discharge (12% vs. 4%; RR =0.90). BVM was inferior to ETI in terms of ROSC (24% vs. 48%; RR =0.86), survival to admission rate (21% vs. 27%; RR =1.037), and survival to discharge rate (6% vs. 12%; RR =1.476).
Conclusions: ETI should be considered for airway management as early as possible, which can improve the subject’s success rate of recovery and survival to admission rate. In future, large-scale, multi-center, randomized controlled studies should be conducted to evaluate the exact efficacy of BVM, ETI, and LMA for the first aid of subjects with OHCA.