Article Abstract

Revisiting AJCC TNM staging for renal cell carcinoma: quest for improvement

Authors: Umang Swami, Roberto H. Nussenzveig, Benjamin Haaland, Neeraj Agarwal


Cancer staging is the process of determining the magnitude of the primary tumor and extent of its spread. It predicts prognosis, guides management and treatment decisions including enrollment in clinical trials, and helps formulate follow-up and surveillance plans.