Vascular Deformation Mapping (VDM) of thoracic aortic aneurysm: an application for color 3D printing in aortic disease

Nicholas S. Burris, Benjamin A. Hoff, Brian D. Ross


3D printing is a rapidly evolving technology at the forefront of biomedical innovation and cardiovascular 3D printing is one of the most common medical applications (1). Technical advances in biomedical 3D printing have been driven by improved printer technology and image segmentation tools, however, clinical and research applications of cardiovascular are still catching up to such rapid technical advances.