Perspectives of value-based policy making in child health care in Japan
In Japan, epidemiological transition has profoundly influenced the priorities of child healthcare. As pediatric care is shifting from a disease-driven curative approach to an integrated approach, the value of child health care now needs to be redefined with an integrated scope. With the trend to emphasize a rational judgement on the social value in terms of resource allocation and health policy, a value-based approach is necessary for child health care. This study aims to provide an overview and perspective of value-based policy making in child health care, under a context of epidemiological transition, health care system and social changes. The current methodology scheme of CEA and outcome evaluation has limitations, not meeting the urgent need of the application. The outcomes of child health care are no longer limited in clinical and health indicators such as survival rate, cure rate and health related quality of life, but also various aspects other than health, such as education, well-being of children and their primary caregivers, especially when treatment of diseases is no longer the dominant role of health care. Such the evaluation should reflect the impacts of the integrated approach in a long-term scope.