Article Abstract

Surgery for advanced non-small cell lung cancer patient after epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor neoadjuvant therapy

Authors: Ye Ning, Minwei Bao, Xiaoxia Yan, Dong Xie, Gening Jiang


Background: This study aimed to evaluate the survival of the advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients underwent salvage surgeries after EGFR-TKI neoadjuvant therapies.
Methods: From 2014 to 2016, 10 patients diagnosed as advanced stage NSCLC (N2 metastasis or great vessels invasion) who responded to EGFR-TKI neoadjuvant therapy were recruited in this study. All patients underwent surgeries and consented the follow-up study.
Results: All patients received successful radical surgeries (complete resection of the tumor with systematic lymphadenectomy). Among them, one patient passed away 7 days post-operatively due to respiratory failure. The pathology of the lesions and the lymph nodes suggested the replacement of tumors by fibrotic tissue, and concentration of focal residual tumors limited in areas of fibrous stroma and lymphocyte infiltration. Adjuvant therapy of EGFR inhibitor gefitinib for at least 6 months was applied to each patient. Each of the patients was followed up with contrasted CT scan, ultrasonography, bronchoscope and tumor markers for at least 8 months (8–30 months, median time: 24 months). The progression-free survival of these patients was 14 months since neoadjuvant therapy.
Conclusions: EGFR-TKI neoadjuvant therapy is feasible and effective, along with surgery may improve the surgical rate and survival of advanced NSCLC patients.