Article Abstract

Efficacy and safety of Shen-Yuan-Dan capsules for peri-procedural myocardial injury following percutaneous coronary intervention: study protocol for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Authors: Xiang Li, Xiao-Lei Lai, Yu-Tong Fei, Ju-Ju Shang, Qi Zhou, Xue-Yan Sun, Wen-Long Xing, Si-Han Jia, Hong-Xu Liu


Background: Peri-procedural myocardial injury (PMI) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) will result in an unfavorable clinical prognosis in patients, thus urgently necessitating effective drug treatment measures. Shen-Yuan-Dan (SYD) capsules are a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation that have been found to have potential myocardial protection effects during the peri-procedural phase of PCI in previous clinical and basic research; however, there is a lack of rigorous, randomized, and controlled studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SYD in decreasing PMI.
Methods: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. A total of 284 patients with unstable angina will be randomized into test and control groups. The two groups will be given SYD or a placebo (three times each day, four capsules each time) 3 days before PCI on the basis of conventional treatment. Twelve hours before PCI, an additional 4 capsules will be given, and drug treatment is planned to be maintained for 1 month after surgery. Dynamic changes in the myocardial enzyme in four time-points (before PCI, and 4, 24, 48 hours after PCI) in both groups of patients that will be observed. The follow-up period will be 1 month. The primary observation markers are planned to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SYD in decreasing PMI. The secondary observation markers will be to evaluate the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) status at day 30 after PCI, (all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, repeated revascularization of target blood vessel) and Seattle Angina Questionnaire scores. GRACE scores will be used for risk stratification, and the intervention efficacy of SYD on PMI patients with different risks will be retrospectively evaluated.
Discussion: This study will provide a rigorous clinical evidence to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SYD in decreasing PMI and the results are worth anticipating.
Trial registration: The design of this trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR-IPR-17011069).