Article Abstract

Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion in critically ill adult patients: a retrospective analysis of a large clinical database Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III

Authors: Yue Zhao, Huaqiang Zhou, Wulin Tan, Yiyan Song, Zeting Qiu, Si Li, Shaowei Gao, Wenqi Huang


Background: There is no conclusive evidence for the effects of prolonged infusion of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients. We aimed to investigate the safety of long-term dexmedetomidine infusion in a large critically ill patients cohort from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database.
Methods: We retrospectively extracted records from MIMIC-III database. Dexmedetomidine administration time was the basis for group. Variables were compared by chi-square tests, and Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. We used logistic regression model for multivariate analysis. Contour maps were drawn to measure rebound of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP).
Results: We finally got 1,946 records including 1,368 distinct individuals. Age, body mass index (BMI), length of stay in hospital, accumulated doses of dexmedetomidine and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score were independent risk factors of in-hospital mortality (P<0.05). But prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion (≥24 h) and abrupt cessation did not increase in-hospital mortality. Furthermore, the rebound of HR and BP was more likely to occur in patients with prolonged infusion of dexmedetomidine.
Conclusions: Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion is not related to an increased in-hospital mortality, but it is associated with the rebound effect of HR and BP. Further prospective studies are needed.