Thyroid hormone receptor α1 as a novel therapeutic target for tissue repair
Analogies between the damaged tissue and developing organ indicate that a regulatory network that drives embryonic organ development may control aspects of tissue repair. In this regard, there is a growing body of experimental and clinical evidence showing that TH may be critical for recovery after injury. Especially TRα1 has been reported to play an essential role in cell proliferation and differentiation and thus in the process of repair/regeneration in the heart and other tissues. Patients after myocardial infarction, stroke or therapeutic interventions [such as PCI for coronary artery disease (CAD)] with lower TH levels appear to have increased morbidity and mortality. Accordingly, TH treatment in clinical settings of ischemia/reperfusion such as by-pass surgery seems to be cardioprotective against ischemic injury. Furthermore, TH therapy of donors is shown to result in organ preservation and increased numbers of donors and improved post-transplantation graft survival. TH and thyroid analogs may prove novel therapeutic agents for tissue repair.