Molecular mechanisms of mechanotransduction in psoriasis
Psoriasis is an immune disease of the skin that frequently develops upon triggering events of mechanical nature and leads to increased proliferation and damaged differentiation of keratinocytes of the epidermis. Mechanical forces are mediated through mechanotransduction, which is the process that translates physical cues into biochemical signaling networks. Latest updates underline the role of mechanotransduction during the acquisition of aberrant properties by the keratinocytes of the skin, therefore implying a potential contribution that promotes psoriasis pathogenesis. The present review discusses the mechano-induced signaling pathways and individual molecules that become activated in psoriasis and in keratinocytes, along with mechano-based putative treatment strategies. We also suggest emerging mechanosensitive molecules for further investigation with potential diagnostic and therapeutic utility in psoriasis.