Article Abstract

Rapid development of minimally invasive spinal surgery: exciting advancements and challenges

Authors: Roger Härtl, Ai-Min Wu


This special section of Annals of Translational Medicine focuses on the important and interesting topic of minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS). Techniques of MISS have developed rapidly in the past few decades. The spectrum of MISS now includes spinal degenerative diseases, spinal trauma, spinal deformity and spinal tumors.