Article Abstract

Frailty in elderly ICU patients in Greece: a prospective, observational study

Authors: Dimitris Papageorgiou, Eleni Gika, Konstantina Kosenai, Konstantinos Tsironas, Lamprini Avramopoulou, Ervina Sela, Christina Mandila


Background: Of particular interest is the study of frailty syndrome in older patients in recent years. This syndrome is characterized by weight loss and muscle mass, a change in eating habits, movement and endurance, and a decline in cognitive function. The purpose of the study was the prevalence of frailty syndrome in subjects aged 65 years who were hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU) in Greece.
Methods: This is a prospective, observational study. The study sample consisted of families or carers of 36 patients over 65 years of age. The study was conducted in a General Hospital in Greece, over a period of 1 year. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the 5 criterions frailty phenotype were used. In addition, the severity of the patients with the APACHE II, SAPS II and SOFA scales was assessed. For the analysis of the data, the SPSS 19 for windows statistical package was used and more specifically descriptive statistics and correlations with parametric methods were performed.
Results: Thirty-six severely ill patients aged 65 years and over (22 women, 14 men) were studied. 25% of the patients had a positive frailty phenotype, 44% were at an early stage, while 30.6% had a frailty negative phenotype. A significant correlation between CFS and APACHE (P=0.041), age (P=0.033), sex (P=0.049) and ADL mobility index (P=0.001) was found to be significant. Concerning mortality, 36.1% of patients died in ICU, 11.1% died within the next 6 months and 38.9% were alive.
Conclusions: The findings of the study highlighted the onset of frailty syndrome in ICU patients. The objective assessment of the frailty syndrome of the seriously ill patient as well as the prognostic markers provides a clearer picture of its out-of-hospital condition and contributes to the collection of information on the outcomes of the in-hospital treatment.