Simultaneous acute cardio-cerebral infarction: is there a consensus for management?
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are both life-threatening medical conditions with narrow therapeutic time-window that carry grave prognosis if not addressed promptly. The acute management of both condition is well documented in the literature, however the management of a simultaneous presentation of both AIS and AMI is unclear. A delayed intervention of one infarcted territory for the other may result in permanent irreversible morbidity or disability, and even death. In addition, the use of antiplatelet and anticoagulants that are inherently part of an AMI management may increase the risk for hemorrhagic conversion associated with intravenous thrombolysis used in AIS, and the use of a thrombolytic in AIS increases the risk of cardiac wall rupture in the setting of an AMI. Despite this ambiguity, there is no clear evidence-based guideline or clinical studies that have addressed the optimal management of this rare co-occurrence. This review paper examines the existing literature on the management of simultaneous acute cardio-cerebral infarction (CCI) and highlights the existing challenge to management.