Esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction for benign disease: extreme but important
Esophagectomy is usually performed to resect esophageal cancer. However, there are numerous other indications for esophagectomy, including Barrett’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and some benign diseases such as obstruction, end-stage achalasia, esophagus perforation or disruption, benign neoplasm, and severe caustic injury. For these patients, esophagectomy could relieve their symptom obviously. However, esophagectomy causes huge trauma, induces quite high morbidity and mortality, and may decreases patients’ quality of life obviously due to postoperative reflux, dumping, anastomotic stricture and other complications. Accordingly, the considerations of a surgery must be carefully deliberated, including the underlying disorder, lesions localization, extent of disease, and options for esophageal replacement. For patients received esophagectomy and alimentary tract reconstruction, gastric conduit is the most common used replacement organ, then colon and jejunum. This review demonstrated the importance and technical experience of esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction for benign diseases.