Article Abstract

Augmented and virtual reality in surgery—the digital surgical environment: applications, limitations and legal pitfalls

Authors: Khor Wee Sim, Benjamin Baker, Kavit Amin, Adrian Chan, Ketan Patel, Jason Wong


The continuing enhancement of the surgical environment in the digital age has led to a number of innovations being highlighted as potential disruptive technologies in the surgical workplace. Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are rapidly becoming increasingly available, accessible and importantly affordable, hence their application into healthcare to enhance the medical use of data is certain. Whether it relates to anatomy, intraoperative surgery, or post-operative rehabilitation, applications are already being investigated for their role in the surgeons armamentarium. Here we provide an introduction to the technology and the potential areas of development in the surgical arena.