Article Abstract

PAX1 and SOX1 methylation as an initial screening method for cervical cancer: a meta-analysis of individual studies in Asians

Authors: Yan Chen, Zhaolei Cui, Zhenzhou Xiao, Minhua Hu, Chuanhui Jiang, Yingying Lin, Yansong Chen


Background: Epigenetic alterations of gene or DNA methylation have been highlighted as promising biomarkers for early cervical cancer screening. Herein, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of paired boxed gene 1 (PAX1) and sex determining region Y-box 1 (SOX1) methylation for cervical cancer detection.
Methods: Eligible studies were retrieved by searching the electronic databases. Study quality was assessed according to the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) checklist. The bivariate meta-analysis model was employed to plot the summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) curve using Stata 12.0 software.
Results: The pooled sensitivity of PAX1 methylation was estimated to be 0.73 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.70–0.75] in differentiating patients with HSIL (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) or CIN3+ (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia type III/worse) or cervical cancer from normal individuals, corresponding to a specificity of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.85–0.89) and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91. The SOX1 methylation test yielded an AUC of 0.82, under which, the pooled sensitivity was 0.71 (95% CI: 0.67–0.74) and specificity was 0.64 (95% CI: 0.61–0.67). Notably, the stratified analysis suggested that combing parallel testing of PAX1 methylation and human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA (AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.89, 0.75, and 0.81, respectively) achieved higher accuracy than single HPV DNA testing (AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.77, 0.81, and 0.70, respectively).
Conclusions: PAX1 or SOX1 methylation has a prospect to be an auxiliary biomarker for cervical cancer screening, and parallel testing of PAX1 methylation and HPV DNA in cervical swabs confers an improved diagnostic accuracy than single HPV DNA testing.